Monday, 29 June 2015

How to teach Vowels and Consonants

Kids have different levels of understanding a topic. A few topics might be easy for a kid while the same might be difficult for others. Same is the case with vowels and consonants. For kids who do not speak English everyday, getting the words 'Vowels' and 'Consonants' itself is difficult.


To start with let us know what are Vowels and Consonants:
- 5 of 26 alphabets are vowels.
- Letters A, E, I, O, U are vowels. All other letters B,C,D,F,G etc are consonants.
- The use of  'A' and 'AN' is also differentiated for these. 'A' is used when the next word starts with a consonant and 'AN' is used when the next word starts with a vowel.
Eg: Consonants: A car, A tree, A ball
      Vowels: An elephant, An umbrella, An apple


Here are a few methods listed which you can use to teach vowels and consonants:

1) For all vowels you need to make sound keeping our mouth open. You need not join your lips or teeth or use your tongue to block air and make the sound.
Go ahead and try it out first with the vowels A, E, I, O, U
Now try making sounds for consonants B, C, D, F, G etc.
For every consonant you have to block air coming out from the mouth!

2) Play the clap and stomp game while saying the alphabets from A-Z. Claps for Consonants and Stomps for Vowels.

3) Make your own worksheets where you have to
- circle or underline vowels/consonants in words.
- write vowels/consonants from words into circles.
- add 'A' or 'AN' before given words.

4) If you have alphabets flashcards use 2 boxes and make the child separate the vowels and consonants in different boxes.

5) Place objects starting with Vowels in front of the child.
A-Apple, E-Egg, I-Ice Cream, O-Orange, U-Umbrella
If he can remember the objects, he can guess the vowels. Remaining alphabets are consonants.

6) There are many videos available on youtube that teach this topic like teachers teach in class. Show it to the kids every day.

If you are aware of any other method please help add to the list!

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