Monday, 29 June 2015

How to teach multiplication tables

Multiplication is one of the basic topics of Math. Children are taught to master the single digit multiplication tables right from class 1. If children do not master the basic addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, they might have a terrible time learning math further.

Here are some tips :

1) First make your child understand what multiplication means. Put it in terms of adding.
Example: 2 x 3 = 6 actually means adding the number 2, three times i.e 2 + 2 + 2
Make them write the 2 table by themselves on a paper by using the addition method.

2) Teach them skip counting by 2's, 3's and 5's. These small numbers are easiest to start with.

3) Prepare a chart of the tables and fix it on a wall where your child can see it most of the time. Also fix a erasable chart like the below one where your child can write the answers everyday. Practice makes perfect!
The 2 table is done for your reference in the chart....

4) After filling the chart show to your child that many answers repeat.
Example 2 x 3 and 3 x 2 is the same 6!
So they do not have to learn most of the chart.

5) Let them master the 2 tables at a time. i.e. 2 and 3 tables first then of 4 and 5 and so on. Do not start all together.

6) Teach them tricks to memorize:

    - For 2 table use skip counting.

    - All answers in 2 tables are even numbers

    - All answers in 5 table end with either 5 or 0.

    - Any number multiplied by 0 is 0.

    - Any number multiplied by 1 is the same number.

    - Any number if multiplied by 10 is the same number with a 0 in the end. 10, 20, 30.

    - Any number if multiplied by 11 is the same number written twice 11, 22, 33.

    - 9 table answers has the 2nd digit descending order pattern
      09, 18, 27, 36, 45, 54, 63, 72, 81 and 90.

Now how easy is that!
7) Once you have finished with 2 sets of tables, do a drill just before breakfast or dinner. It just takes 10 mins. They too have fun saying it.

8) Use worksheets available online as test once they are done learning all tables.

9) Do not forget to praise them and encourage them. They will respond faster if you do it!


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